Epthianura Aurifrons Bird
Protonym: Ephthianura aurifrons Syn.BirdsAustr. pt4 App. p.4
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Meliphagidae / Epthianura
Taxonomy Code: oracha1
Type Locality: interior New South Wales.
Publish Year: 1838
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Meliphagidae; Ϯ White-fronted Chat E. albifrons) Gr. εφθος ephthos refined, languid; ουρα oura tail; “Genus EPTHIANURA. Bill shorter than the head, nearly straight, compressed laterally, notched at the tip, gonys incurved; nostrils basal, linear, and covered by a membrane; wings long, first quill spurious, second very long, third and fourth equal and longest; tertials very long; tail short and truncate; tarsi entire, moderately long, slight; toes slender, the hinder toe and claw shorter than the middle one, the inner toe rather shorter than the outer. Type. Acanthiza albifrons, Jard. and Selb. EPTHIANURA AURIFRONS.” (Gould 1838); “Mayr (in Mayr & Cottrell 1986) noted that Epthianura, as described in Gould’s ‘A Synopsis of the Birds of Australia’, part 4, App., p. 3, was corrected on p. 4 to Ephthianura ... An examination of two copies of this work reveals that Epthianura was used on both pages. What Gould thought of as his original description under this name was not published until some seven months after his Synopsis ... where Ephthianura was used. Gould used Ephthianura in July 1841 ... and later again Ephthianura in the same year ... In March and June 1842, in the relevant parts of ‘The Birds of Australia’ ... Gould again used Epthianura ... However, in 1845 Gould used both Epthianura ... and Ephthianura; ... Ephthianura reappears in his ‘Introduction’ (1848c), then Epthianura in 1849 (Sturt & Gould 1849) and twice in 1861 ... then back to Ephthianura in his ‘Handbook’ (1865) ... Obviously, Gould never came to a firm decision on his spelling of the name ... In such a situation of inconsistent usage, it is best to retain the name as it was originally published in 1838” (McAllan & Bruce 1989).
Var. Ephthianura, Ephthrianura, Hepthaenura.
Synon. Aurepthianura, Cinura, Keartlandia, Leachena, Parepthianura.
L. aurum, auri gold; frons, frontis forehead, brow, front.
● ex “Petit merle de la côte de Malabar” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Yellow-fronted Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Chloropsis).
● ex “Jaquilma Parrakeet” of Latham 1802 (Psilopsiagon).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)