Tangara Florida Bird

Tangara Florida Bird

Tangara Florida Bird

English Name:  Emerald Tanager
Latin Name:  Tangara florida
Protonym:  Calliste florida Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt2 p.416 pl.28
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Thraupidae / Tangara
Taxonomy Code:  emetan1
Type Locality:  Costa Rica.
Author:  Sclater & Salvin
Publish Year:  1869
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


(Thraupidae; Ϯ Paradise Tanager T. chilensis paradisea) Tupí name Tangara  dancer, one who turns and skips, for the manakins but subsequently (Marcgrave 1648) transferred to other bright finch-like birds (cf. Brazilian Portuguese name Dançador; Wayāpi name Tängala; genus Saltator); "Genus Tangaræ (1).  ...  (1) Tangara, nomen Brasilianum, quibusdam hujus generic speciebus inditum.    Le genre du Tangara (1).  ...  (1) Tangara, nom qu'on donne au Brésil à quelques especes de ce genre.  ...  ** 1. LE TANGARA.  Tangara superne splendide nigra, inferne Beryllina; uropygio flammeo; capite superius & ad latera viridi; collo inferiore cœruleo-violaceo; remigibus majoribus exterius cœruleo-violaceis, interius nigris; minoribus & rectricibus splendide nigris. . . . .TANGARA." (Brisson 1760): ex "Tangara Brasiliensibus" of Marcgrave 1648, Jonston 1650-1653, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, and "Avicula de Tatao" of Seba 1735; "Tangara Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 3, p. 3. Type, by tautonymy, Tangara Brisson = Aglaïa paradisea Swainson." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 359).   
Var. Tanara.   
Synon. Aglaia, Calliste, Calospiza, Chalcothraupis, Chrysothraupis, Diva, Euprepiste, Euschemon, Gyrola, Hypothlypis, Ixothraupis, Poecilostreptus, Procnopis, Stilpnia, Tanagraoides, Tanagrella, Tatao, Thraupis.

L. floridus  flowery, blooming  < flos, floris  flower.
● Florida, USA (subsp. Dendroica pinus).

(Ardeidaesyn. Egretta Ϯ Little Blue Heron E. caerulea) Florida, USA (Spanish Pascua Florida  Easter, the time of year when the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León landed in the area in 1513); of the five specimens on which Baird based his diagnosis, two were collected in Florida; "490. Florida caerulea, (Linn.) Baird.  Blue Heron.  ...  FLORIDA, Baird.  ...  This genus differs from Herodias in the bill, which is convex above, straight below, and very acute. The legs are shorter, the toes and claws longer and slenderer. The peculiar lanceolate character of the feathers of the neck is wanting, as also the dorsal plumes." (Baird 1858); "Florida Baird, Rep. Expl. and Surv. R. R. Pac., 9, 1858, p. xxi, xlv, 659, 671. Type, by monotypy, Ardea cærulea Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 107). 


Emerald Tanager (florida)
Latin Name: Tangara florida florida
L. floridus  flowery, blooming  < flos, floris  flower.
● Florida, USA (subsp. Dendroica pinus).

Emerald Tanager (auriceps)
Latin Name: Tangara florida auriceps
L. aurum  gold; -ceps  -crowned  < caput, capitis  head.
● ex “Pacific Parrot, var. C” of Latham 1781 (Cyanoramphus).