Rhipidura Hyperythra Bird

Rhipidura Hyperythra Bird

Rhipidura Hyperythra Bird

English Name:  Chestnut-bellied Fantail
Latin Name:  Rhipidura hyperythra
Protonym:  Rhipidura hyperythra Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt26 no.357 p.176
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Rhipiduridae / Rhipidura
Taxonomy Code:  chbfan1
Type Locality:  Aru Islands.
Author:  Gray, GR
Publish Year:  1858
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


(Rhipiduridae; Ϯ New Zealand Fantail R. fuliginosa) Gr. ῥιπις rhipis, ῥιπιδος rhipidos  fan; ουρα oura  tail; “Fan-tailed Fly-catcher  ... flies always with its tail spread in shape of a fan.” (Latham 1783); "Genus. RHIPIDURA*.  Rostrum breve, depressum, basi latum, apice compressum, culmine arcuato; mandibula superiore apice emarginata; naribus basalibus, ovalibus, setis plumulisque fere obtectis; rictu vibrissis confertis mandibulas longitudine fere superantibus instructo.  Alæ mediocres, subacuminatæ; remige prima brevissima, secunda duplo longiore, tertia et quarta, quæ est longissima, gradatim longioribus.  Cauda elongata, patula, apice rotundata.  Pedes mediocres, graciles, acrotarsiis paratarsiisque integris.  This group may be at once recognised as offering strong marks of distinction from the true Muscicapa in the fan-like structure of the tail.   ...   *'Pιπις flabellum, and ουρα cauda.   ...   1. FLABELLIFERA. ...  Muscicapa flabellifera. Gmel. i. 943. no. 67.  Fan-tailed Flycatcher. Lath. Gen. Hist. vi. p. 184. no. 44. pl. 99.  ...  Fantail.—There is something singular in the habits of this bird. It frequents the small trees and bushes, from whence it suddenly darts at its prey, spreading out its tail like a fan, and to appearance turning over like a tumbler Pigeon, and then immediately returning to the same twig or bough from whence it sprang.   ...   2. MOTACILLOIDES.  ...  It bears a great resemblance to the description of Dr. Latham's Motacilla atricapilla, or the Black-topped Flycatcher of his "General History," but differs in the colour of the bill, back and throat.   ...   3. RUFIFRONS.  ...  Muscicapa rufifrons. Lath. Ind. Orn. Supp. p. 1. no. 5.  Rufous-fronted Flycatcher.  Id. Gen. Hist. vi. p. 213. no. 95." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Rhipidura Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, p. 246. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 32), Muscicapa flabellifera Gmelin [= Muscicapa fuliginosa Sparrman]." (Mayr in Peters 1986, XI, 530).
Var. Ripidura, Rhipadura, Rhissidura.
Synon. Cyanonympha, Howeavis, Leucocirca, Muscylva, Neomyias, Rhipidicidura, Ripidicala, Rupicula, Sauloprocta, Setosura.

rhipidura / rhipidurus
Gr. ῥιπις rhipis, ῥιπιδος rhipidos  fan; -ουρος -ouros  -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

hyperythra / hyperythrus
● Gr. ὑπο hupo  beneath; ερυθρος eruthros  red.
● Gr. ὑπερυθρος huperuthros  reddish  < ὑπο hupo  somewhat; ερυθρος eruthros  red.


Chestnut-bellied Fantail (hyperythra)
Latin Name: Rhipidura hyperythra hyperythra
hyperythra / hyperythrus
● Gr. ὑπο hupo  beneath; ερυθρος eruthros  red.
● Gr. ὑπερυθρος huperuthros  reddish  < ὑπο hupo  somewhat; ερυθρος eruthros  red.

Chestnut-bellied Fantail (muelleri)
Latin Name: Rhipidura hyperythra muelleri
● Salomon Müller (1804-1864) German explorer, ornithologist (syn. Accipiter griseogularis, subsp. Ficedula dumetoria, Heleia, syn. Mulleripicus pulverulentus, subsp. Oriolus flavocinctus, subsp. Phylloscopus castaniceps, subsp. Pitta sordida, subsp. Rhipidura hyperythra (ex Rhipidura rufiventris Müller)).
● Prof. David Heinrich Müller (1846-1912) Austrian orientalist, linguist, explorer in Arabia 1897-1898 (syn. Anthodiaeta metallica).
● Johann Wilhelm Freiherr von Müller (1824-1866) German naturalist, collector in tropical Africa, North America and Mexico, Director of Jardin Zoologique, Bruxelles 1852-1854 (syn. Butastur rufipennisMerops, syn. Passer euchlorus, syn. Ploceus luteolus).
● Anton Müller (1799-1864) German civil servant, naturalist (syn. Calidris alba, syn. Larus marinus).
● C. Müller (fl. 1910) skinner for Graf von Zedlitz und Trützschler in tropical Africa 1908-1910 (syn. Cichladusa guttata rufipennis, subsp. Ortygospiza atricollis, syn. Tchagra senegalus habessinicus, syn. Uraeginthus cyanocephalus).
● Maj. Müller (d. 1898) explorer in tropical Africa (subsp. Cisticola fulvicapilla, syn. Cisticola lais semifasciatus).
● Lorenz Müller (1868-1953) German herpetologist, collector in Brazil (syn. Cettia cetti sericea, Cranioleuca, subsp. Phaethornis superciliosus).
● Otto Frederik Müller (1730-1784) Danish naturalist (syn. Gavia stellata).
● Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich Freiherr von Mueller (1825–1896) German/Australian botanist, acclimatizer (Lewinia).
● Alfred Müller (d. 1931) German Consul in Palma, Mallorca (syn. Troglodytes troglodytes kabylorum).

Chestnut-bellied Fantail (castaneothorax)
Latin Name: Rhipidura hyperythra castaneothorax
L. castaneus  chestnut-coloured  < castanea  chestnut  < Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; thorax, thoracis  breast  < Gr. θωραξ thōrax, θωρακος thōrakos  cuirass, breastplate.