Lanius Mackinnoni Bird

Mackinnon\'s Shrike / Lanius mackinnoni

Lanius Mackinnoni Bird

English Name:  Mackinnon's Shrike
Latin Name:  Lanius mackinnoni
Protonym:  Lanius mackinnoni Ibis p.444,596 pl.13
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Laniidae / Lanius
Taxonomy Code:  macshr1
Type Locality:  Kikuyu (= Bugemaia, Kavirondo, Kenya).
Author:  Sharpe
Publish Year:  1891
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


(Laniidae; Ϯ Great Grey Shrike L. excubitor) L. lanius  butcher  < laniare  to tear to pieces. The shrikes were formerly known as ‘butcher-birds,’ from their habit of storing prey by impaling it on thorns and sharp twigs, giving the resemblance to a butcher’s shambles or slaughterhouse (Mod. L. Lanius (Ray 1713) shrike, butcher-bird); “I reject the compound-name of Butcher-Bird, and retain the old English name of Shrike, from the noise” (Pennant 1773). In nomenclature lanius is used in a variety of combinations for birds with stout, hooked or toothed bills or with the general appearance of a shrike; "43. LANIUS.  Rostrum rectiusculum, dente utrinque versus apicem, basi nudum.  Lingua lacera." (Linnaeus 1758); "Lanius Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1, p. 93. Type, by subsequent designation, Lanius excubitor Linnaeus (Swainson, 1824, Zool. Journ., 1 (1825), p. 294)." (Rand in Peters 1960, IX, 342). This is the fourth diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Lanius comprised ten species (L. cristatus, L. Excubitor, L. Collurio, L. Tyrannus, L. Carnifex, L. Schach, L. Senator, L. cærulescens, L. jocosus, L. Garrulus).   
Var. Lanii, Larius.   
Synon. Caudolanius, Cephalophoneus, Collurio, Creurgus, Enneoctonus, Fiscus, Lanioides, Leucometopon, Neolanius, Neofiscus, Otomela, Phoneus.

L. lanius  butcher  < laniare  to tear to pieces.

Dr Archibald Donald MacKinnon (1864-1937) Scottish medical officer, colonial administrator in tropical Africa (Lanius).