English name: Maguey
maguey, any of several plants in the Agave genus (family Asparagaceae), especially A. americana, and the fibre obtained from its leaves. A. americana is shorter and stiffer than henequen, with physical properties similar to the hard leaf fibre cantala, and is used for rope and cordage.
In South America the name maguey is used for a variety of fibres as well as for the plants from which they are derived. A simple hard spindle known as a malacate is used to spin fairly fine yarn from the maguey and related hard fibres.