Melidectes Ochromelas Bird

Melidectes Ochromelas Bird

Melidectes Ochromelas Bird

English Name:  Cinnamon-browed Melidectes
Latin Name:  Melidectes ochromelas
Protonym:  Melirrhophetes ochromelas Sitz.K.Akad.Wiss.Wien 70(1874) p.111
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Meliphagidae / Melidectes
Taxonomy Code:  cibmel1
Type Locality:  Hatam, Arfak Mountains, Vogelkop Peninsula, northwestern New Guinea.
Author:  Meyer, AB
Publish Year:  1874
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


(Meliphagidae; Ϯ Ornate Honeyeater M. torquatus) Gr. μελι meli,  μελιτος melitos  honey; δηκτης dēktēs  biter  < δηκω dēkō  to bite; "11. MELIDECTES TORQUATUS, gen. et sp. n.  (Pl. LV.)  Melidectes gen. nov.† ex familia Meliphagidarum: rostro elongato, caput æquante, tenuiusculo, parum arcuato; naribus linearibus, in sulco longitudinali positis: spatio altero postoculari lato et altero postrictali angusto omnino nudis; cauda longa, paulum rotundata; tarsis modicis: alis acutis, modice elongatis.   ...  MELIDECTES TORQUATUS, sp. n.  ...  This is a conspicuous new Meliphagine form, not very far from Ptilotis, but distinguishable by the bareness of the sides of the face and bare stripe behind the rictus. These are separated by a scanty line of feathers extending beneath the eye.   ...   †  Mελι, mel, et δηκτης, mordicator." (P. Sclater 1874); "Melidectes Sclater, 1873 [= 1874], Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 694. Type, by monotypy, Melidectes torquatus Sclater." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 415).
Synon. Melionyx, Melirrhophetes.

Gr. ωχρομελας ōkhromelas, ωχρομελαινα ōkhromelaina  dark and sallow, suffering from jaundice.

(syn. Ficedula Ϯ Black-and-orange Flycatcher F. nigrorufa) Gr. ωχρα ōkhrα  yellow-ochre; μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black (cf. ωχρομελας ōkhromelas, ωχρομελαινα ōkhromelaina  dark and sallow, jaundiced); "Ochromela, nobis.  Nearly allied to the last group [Cyornis]; but the Flycatcher form of bill more pronounced, and the rictal vibrissæ longer; tarsi also rather longer, the wings more rounded, and the style of colouring altogether different—bright rusty, with black cap and wings, in the only ascertained species—Ochr. nigrorufa, (Jerdon), Madr. Journ. No. XXV, 266, v. Muscicapa rufula, la Fresnaye.   Hab. summit of the Neilgherries." (Blyth 1847); "Ochromela Blyth, 1847, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16, p. 128. Type, by monotypy, Saxicola nigrorufa Jerdon." (Watson in Peters 1986, XI, 335).   Var. Ochromelas.


Cinnamon-browed Melidectes (ochromelas)
Latin Name: Melidectes ochromelas ochromelas
Gr. ωχρομελας ōkhromelas, ωχρομελαινα ōkhromelaina  dark and sallow, suffering from jaundice.

Cinnamon-browed Melidectes (batesi)
Latin Name: Melidectes ochromelas batesi
batesi / batesiana
● George Latimer Bates (1863-1940) US planter, ornithologist, collector in Gabon, French Congo and the Cameroons 1895-1928 (syn. Accipiter erythropus, syn. Alcedo leucogaster, Apus, subsp. Aviceda cuculoides, syn. Baeopogon indicator, syn. Batis minor erlangeri, syn. Campethera punctuligera, syn. Canirallus oculeus, Caprimulgus, subsp. Chlorophoneus multicolor, Cinnyris, syn. Dendropicos obsoletus, subsp. Dryotriorchis spectabilis, syn. Euplectes axillaris bocagei, subsp. Geokichla princei, syn. Hieraaetus ayresii, subsp. Iduna natalensis, subsp. Illadopsis cleaveri, syn. Lanius meridionalis elegans, syn. Merops muelleri, subsp. Mirafra africana, syn. Muscicapa sethsmithi, subsp. Oreocossypha isabellaePloceus, syn. Sarothrura pulchra, syn. Spizaetus africanus, syn. Sylvietta denti, Terpsiphone, syn. Urotriorchis macrourus).
● Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892) English naturalist, entomologist who developed the theory of Batesian mimicry, explorer and collector in Amazonia 1848-1859 (subsp. Melidectes ochromelas).

Cinnamon-browed Melidectes (lucifer)
Latin Name: Melidectes ochromelas lucifer
L. lucifer  light-bearing  < lux, lucis light; -fera  -bearing  < ferre to bear (cf. Roman myth. Lucifer, personification of the evening star Venus).